States Foreign Policy towards Pakistan By Syed Ali Farhan Shah

Stated foreign policy of United States of America towards Pakistan says:
‘A stable democratic, prosperous Pakistan actively combating religious militancy is considered vital to U.S interests. U.S concerns regarding Pakistan include regional and global terrorism; Afghan stability; democratization and human rights protection; the ongoing Kashmir problem and Pakistan-India tensions; and economic development’
But there are a number of prominent violations of its foreign policy by United States of America which includes violation of human rights, violation of territorial sovereignty and integrity of Pakistan, spying on nuclear program, interference in internal matters of Pakistan, limiting political independence and other relative matters.
There seems to be a prominent different in the ‘stated’ foreign policy of America and its ‘obvious’ ones. American stated foreign policy says that they work for stability, sovereignty, and prosperity of Pakistan but there have been instances in which we see that America has been involved in a number of internal affairs of Pakistan like internal elections, policy making, judiciary matters and so forth.
A study called The Year of the Drone published in February 2010 by the New American Foundation found that in a total of 114 drone strikes in Pakistan carried out between 2004 and early 2010, approximately 834 to 1,216 persons had been killed, about two-thirds of whom were militants and one-third civilians. In a similar study, the Brookings Institution highlighted the “horrendously indiscriminate nature of drone attacks in Pakistan.” It concluded that more than 600 civilians had died due to the attacks in Pakistan. Thus, as a result every militant is killed at the cost of 10 civilians. The drone attacks by the US violate both the United Nations Charter and the Geneva Conventions of 1949, which prohibit willful killing.
“Senate Functional Committee on Human Rights denounces the US missile strikes as gross violation of human rights, territorial integrity, political independence, and sovereignty of the country.”
“According to Article 57(2)(a)(i), the planners of the attack must take utmost precautionary measures to verify that the objects of the attack are not civilians and under Article 57(4) reasonable precautions must be taken to avoid losses of civilian lives and civilian objects. Under Articles 10 and 11 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, article 10 ensures that everyone is entitled to a fair public hearing and Article 11(1) states that anyone charged with a penal offence is presumed innocent until proven guilty in accordance with law. The UN Special Rapporteur on Extrajudicial Executions, Philip Alston has also criticized the drone strikes in Pakistan on the basis that they violate the laws described in the article.”
US emphasize on human right protection in Pakistan but there have been a number of major instances which make us doubtful about American foreign policy towards Pakistan the major one remains the case of Aafia Saadique. Stephen Lendman in his article ‘WikiLeaks Reveals Diplomatic Cables on Aafia Saadique’ states the 86 years imprisonment sentence of Aafia Saadique as ‘Gross miscarriage of justice’.
“US has taken extrajudicial steps that are in violation of not only the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) 1948 and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) 1966, but also numerous other treaties and United Nations (UN) resolutions such as UN Convention against Torture (CAT) 1975, International Customary Laws against Torture, United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) Resolution 37/194 of 1982 for Principles of Medical Ethics, UNGA Resolution 43/173 of 1988 and UNGA Resolution 3452 (XXX). These treaties and resolutions ensure the protection of the inalienable rights of a person and also prohibit a person from being subjected to torture and other forms of cruel, inhuman and degrading (CID) treatment.”
There has always been widespread dismay in Pakistan about unabashed US interference in the country’s internal matters. There have been number of instances in which we have seen too much interference of USA in some of the major internal matter of Pakistan but the question that is asked my every other educated Pakistani is that till how long will USA dominate this region? People have high expectations with the new democratically elected government of Pakistan with Mr. Sharif as its Premier for the third time. Let’s hope what magic he can play around this time.



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