Resources of Pakistan and its proper Utlization By Saddan Zafar

Pakistan, officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, located in South Asia has 650 miles of coastline on the Arabian Sea and Gulf of Oman. Pakistan has large range of natural , cultural and human resources . Its dynamic culture and natural scene beauty impresses people from all the corners of the world. Pakistan is also very rich in its natural resources ranging from large amount of coal, gas, gemstones, copper and gold reserves.

Natural Resources .

Coal                                                                                                        

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  • Pakistan recently discovered one low and four low-to-medium quality coal seams in the Punjab.
  • Low sulfur coal was recently reported at the Baluchistan and near Islamabad. Bituminous, sub-bituminous, and lignite coal have been found in Pakistan. Coal reserves are estimated at 175 billion tons.
  • This would equate to 618 billion barrels of crude oil. When compared to oil reserves this is more than twice the amount of the top four countries.
  • If At KSA’s current usage, the reserves would last more than 200 years.
  • Pakistan has large gold/copper ore deposits at Saindak. Other resources include gypsum, limestone, chromites, iron ore, rock salt,silver, precious stones, gems, marbles, tiles, sulfur, fire clay, and silica sand.

Land

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  • About 28% of Pakistan’s total land area is under cultivation Pakistan holds one of the largest irrigation systems in the world.
  • The main exports includes wheat , rice sugarcane, maize , sorghum, seeds, barley , fruits and vegetables .
  • The fertile lands of Punjab are ready to feed a population twice that of current Pakistan.

 

 

Others

Water :The fishing industry plays a role in the national economy of Pakistan. The coastline is 814km and fishery resources still have room to grow. Fishing in Pakistan is a major source of export earnings. The establishment of gwadar port can further helps to enhance the fishing capacity of Pakistan. Moreover, trade links can be developed to increase trade as Pakistan lies under a strategic location.

 

Human Resources.

The youth of Pakistan : ImageAlthough the overall situation of Pakistan was not stable, however Pakistani is under few countries who are able to produce students of higher intellectual caliber and have represented Pakistan internationally and on global notes. Few of them includes Arfa karim who is the youngest person to develop software and was called by Microsoft soft (Interviewed by Bill Gates) . Mala Yousuf who has been awarded with global peace award and has been highlighted by the international media.

 

 

 

 

The forces of Pakistan

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PMA Academy Kakul Abbottabad

Pakistan has made keen interest in the development of its forces. Pakistan army is one of the most advanced and refined army in the world , Its Academy (Pakistan Military Academy) lies in Abbottabad where students of young age are trained and are refined into military officers . Due to the very high training standards at PMA, cadets of more than 34 countries come here every year as part of their military training schedules.

 

 

Cultural Heritage of Pakistan by Muhammad Saqlain

Culture of Pakistan
Punjabis comprises different tribes, clans and communities. In Punjab these clans have more to do with traditional occupations such as blacksmiths or artisans as opposed to rigid social stratifications.
The “biradari” is an important unit of Punjabi society, and includes people claiming descent from a common ancestor. The biradaris collectively form larger units known as tribes.
Kinship plays a very vital role in the social and cultural life of the people because most of the kin have to perform certain specified and obligatory functions on social occasions.
The joint family system having been in vogue for ages, the entire responsibility for the maintenance of the household and of social relations falls upon the father. No one in the family can question his authority.
Punjabis are well known for their zest for life, liveliness and most importantly the mind blowing dance. They celebrate every occasion with lot of pomp and show. Marriage is celebrated in Punjab with great gusto. Marriage in Punjab means rituals and festivity. Of the various considerations that influence the choice of a bride or bridegroom, caste and clan are the most important. Normally out of the caste marriages are not allowed.

Punjabis are famous for their food and love to eat food

 

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MONUMENTS OF PAKISTAN

Mazar e Quaid
It’s situated in Karachi, Mazar-e-Quaid is the tomb of Pakistan’s founder Muhammad Ali Jinnah. And was Established in 1970, the tomb is an iconic representation of the city of Karachi. Every year, on national holidays, the tomb is visited by famous leaders to pray tribute to Jinnah. There are also prominent leaders, namely Liaqat Ali Khan, Abdur Rab Nishtar, Fatima Jinnah, and Nur-ul-Amin are also buried in the same mausoleum.

Minar-e- Pakistan

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The Minar was completed during a span of eight years from 1960 to 1968. The monument is located on the same grounds where the famous Lahore Resolution was passed in 1940. The Resolution demanded separate states for the Muslims and Hindus, thus fusing the creation of Pakistan with the minaret. Such has been its importance that when Indian Prime Minister Vajpayee came to Pakistan, he visited the tower which washed away any misconception of India’s reluctance in accepting Pakistan as a state.

Pakistan Monument
Completed in three years from 2004 to 2007, the Pakistan Monument is a symbolic representation of the four provinces of the country. Situated in Islamabad at a public park, the Monument attracts visitors who are amazed at its architectural brilliance. The interior of its huge petals is decorated with beautiful Islamic murals

Lahore Fort

As the name suggests, this fort is situated in the city of Lahore – in fact, it is one of the prized buildings of the walled-city of Lahore. Although the origins of the fort are older, the present structure is said to have been built by the Mughal emperor Akbar. The Fort itself acted as a geo-strategic site that met Kashmir, the Afghan areas, and Multan. Decorated with Mughal architecture, the Fort complex includes such architectural marvels as Sheesh Mahal (Palace of Mirrors) and Badshahi Mosque.

Shalimar Bagh

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It is one of the most beautiful sites in Pakistan. Its gardens and refreshing fountains attract a large number of visitors. The site consists of three levels of garden terraces which were watered by a canal; which also waters the exquisite marble terrace. It has a total of 410 fountains at all levels and a large variety of fruit trees.

Quaid’s Residency
Situated in Ziarat, a hill station in Balochistan province, the Residency was where Pakistan’s founder Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah spent the last days of his life. The ailing Jinnah was recommended a rest and Ziarat was the best choice for its fragrance and fresh mountain air. There, the Residency, a wooden structure, provided the founder with the perfect retreat.

We can brand Pakistan by sticking to our culture and promoting it to show a positve side of Pakistan to the World

Search for a Better Politics in Pakistan by Muhammad Saqlain Naseer

imagesOnce politicians were seen with utmost respect and their profession was considered one of the best to serve humanity but now its considered as profession to loot and make money for themselves and that’s how politicians nowadays have made it look like.
Corruption is one of the reason that has earned this profession a bad name. Politicians now a days makes promises and break them in a blink of eye not even thinking for the people. They are there to serve themselves and make money to fill their never ending greed for money and leisure.
Though most of the politicians have no interest in the welfare of people and are hollow from inside, there are politicians that are serving the humanity and gives us a light of hope from the dark corrupt politician culture that has rusted Pakistan.

Importance of Politics
We need politics so that we can discuss issues about the economy, and organize government processes and faculty. Politics help people learn about how the government operates.
Politics is not a product of democracy. It expresses the self-interests of the most powerful, and the rest either sign up to those interests or not: hence the evolution of the majority and minority in government.
The most significant purpose of the politics major is to help educate a reflective and activist citizenry capable of sharing power and responsibility in a contemporary democracy.

Ways to Improve

Pakistani-Political-partiesThe most important thing that public can do is vote as that’s the power in their hands. And vote the less corrupt, think for Pakistan not just for yourself.                                                                                                                                                                              We need to make ourselves better if we want a change in the society because politicians do wrong with what’s in their hand and we do wrong with what’s in our hands. We are no different from them if we give it a thought. Politicians are from the public and so there is a need for a change in the society for them to be better                                                                                                                                                                                          Media is so influential it actually doesn’t just affect politics but it is actually one of the most important controlling factor of it. So media can play an important role in shaping a better political system in Pakistan and a vital role in maintaining it.
There are many solutions but the real challenge is of implementing and taking the first step.

Killing attempt on a 14-year old sprite put forth many controversy stories, but restricted our ability to acknowledge Facts

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Malala Yousafzai

Malala Yousafzai was born in July 1997 and given her first name, Malala, meaning “grief stricken”. At her house in Mingora, she lived with her two younger brothers, her parentsAt the beginning of 2009, Yousafzai had a chance to write for BBC Urdu when her father, Ziauddin, was asked by Abdul Hai Kakkar, a BBC reporter out of Pakistan, if any women at his school would write about life under the Taliban. “We had been covering the violence and politics in Swat in detail but we didn’t know much about how ordinary people lived under the Taliban,” Mirza Waheed, the former editor of BBC Urdu, said. Because they were concerned about Yousafzai’s safety, BBC editors insisted that she use a pseudonym .

             Yousafzai was interviewed on the national Pashto-language station AVT Khyber, the Urdu Aaj Daily, and Canada’s Toronto Star. On 19 August she returned toCapital Talk, where she reiterated her desire to become a politician, naming Benazir Bhutto as an inspiration. She reportedly criticized President Zardari on television, saying “At times I think if Zardari’s daughter were studying in Swat the schools would have never shut down.” In late 2009, Yousafzai’s political career appears to have started. A video dated 22 December 2009 shows Yousafzai entering an assembly room full of children who rise and begin clapping as they see her. 2011, Desmond Tutu announced Yousafzai’s nomination for the International Children’s Peace Prize and she became a celebrity in Pakistan. Her public profile rose even further when she was awarded Pakistan’s first National Youth Peace Prize two months later in December. On 9 October 2012, a gunman shot Yousafzai as she rode home on a bus after taking an exam in Pakistan’s Swat Valley. The masked gunman shouted “Which one of you is Malala? Speak up, otherwise I will shoot you all,”and, on her being identified, shot her twice, once in the head and once in the neck. Two other girls were also wounded in the shooting: Kainat Riaz and Shazia Ramzan,both of whom were stable enough to speak to reporters and provide details of the attack.After the shooting, Yousafzai was airlifted to a military hospital in Peshawar, where doctors were forced to begin operating after swelling developed in the left portion of her brain, which had been damaged by the bullet when it passed through her head. After a three-hour operation, doctors successfully removed the bullet that had lodged in her shoulder near her spinal cord. Ehsanullah Ehsan, chief spokesman for the Pakistani Taliban, claimed responsibility for the attack, saying that Yousafzai “is the symbol of the infidels and obscenity,” adding that if she survived, they would target her again.

                Avoiding all the controversies that came into existence after the tragic ordeal struck to this innocent sprite, we have interviewed a native of Swat, resident of Gulkada where this assassination attempt was carried out. ‘’We all were very upset when we heard about this incident because once again the harmony and peace of Swat was gravely disturbed but we were most shocked when media all around the Globe accused Talibans and they themselves took the credit for it’’, mentioned by Talha Humayun Masood. What his claim is that this is a work of a much more organized and linked force instead of Pakistani Talibans who are already been hit into their spines and are scattered all over. The residence of Talha is about 150meters away from Sharif abad to Makan Bagh road where these children were targeted. Now his residence and Sharifabad road are only within the radius of 500 meters from The main Army headquarters also known as the circuit house and from a secondary army base camp as well. What his stance is that to get into this area you need to cross army checkpoints, prove your identity and only then you can proceed and also that you have Army personals and vehicles patrolling the area then how can a disbanded armed Taliban can carry out this mission without being caught? Moreover, surprisingly Prime Minister was visiting Mingora and army almost surrounded the area also vanguarding the roof tops of civilian residences. In short it was a highly secured parameter when a Taliban from nowhere showed up, opened fire in a school bus and left the spot without getting spotted. This tragic incidence might have gained glory and publicity for Malala and earned another wave of hatred in the name of Pakistani Talibans globally, but in the rush of showing our concern, sympathies and condolences for this innocent little child that we forgot to pay our attention to simple logic. By writing this piece of paper I never intended to give direction to any controversy but to simply highlight the simple facts and to interconnect it with common sense. A food for thought 🙂

Down Syndrome

Down syndrome is the most common and early identified chromosomal disorder which was first described by a British doctor John Langdo Down in 1887. It wasn’t until 1957, after the Watson and Crick model of DNA (1952) that an extra chromosome was identified as the cause.

It is a combination of physical abnormalities and mental retardation characterized by a genetic defect in chromosome pair 21. It is caused by the presence of all or part of a third copy of chromosome 21. The incidence is 1/650 and increases with maternal age. More than 60% of the babies are spontaneously aborted and 20% stillbirths are seen.

There are 3 main causes of Down syndrome.

  • 95% people have three separate copies of chromosome 21-trisomy 21, where the karyotype is 47, +21. Trisomy 21 results from non-disjunction during meiosis 1 during separation of chromosome 21.Most of the non-disjunctions are maternally derived. The phenotype observed is severe.
  • 4% people have the extra copy of chromosome 21 because of a Robertsonian translocation. The acrocentric p arms of chromosome 21 and 14 are lost during translocation. The karyotype is 46 but there is an abnormal chromosome with an extra 21 chromosome (chromosome 14 gains a part of chromosome 21). A severe phenotype is seen.
  • 1% people have mosaicism with normal and trisomy cell lines and usually have much milder features. Non-disjunction occurs during mitosis (postzygotically).

The clinical features seen are characteristic facial appearance with round face, flat nasal bridge, protruding tongue, small ears and epicanthic folds. Other dysmorphic features include single palmar crease, flat occiput, incurved little fingers, gap between first and second toes and small stature. Structural defects such as congenital heart diseases, duodenal atresia, mental retardation and developmental delay are encountered. Increased risk of leukemia, respiratory infections and hypothyroidism are some of the late medical complications.

Gene therapy is not effective for such chromosomal aberration. For a better life style treatment of phenotypic characteristics, such as surgical treatment of heart anomalies can be carried out. Referral to neurologists, child psychiatrists and speech-language pathologists on a regular basis can help manage the genetic disorder. Maintenance of a healthy diet and exercise can be very helpful too. Keep calm;it’s only an extra chromosome!

Do films reflect or influence our society? by Khanzada Daniyal

Some people say that a picture is worth a thousand words, but what about a series of moving pictures? Making films is an appreciated art which has captivated viewers for decades. However, some believe that films are influencing society rather than portraying it; this view depends entirely on the viewer.

Just as there are many different types of people in this world, there are many genres of the film. From romantic comedy, to the highly intense science fiction movie, viewers are provided with an array of films to choose from. The characteristic that makes us unique individuals in society is our ability to look at the world with a different perspective. One may observe the world with joy and optimism, being eternally grateful for the life given to oneself. A film- maker of such personality tends to make humorous films or comedies for instance.

On the other hand you have a very cynical individual, a person who believes everything is always done and is driven by a dark ulterior motive. They look at that world with a grim face and believe that death is the only wise alternative to a life so materialistic to them; thus comes to the genre of horror and tragedies. All these different views and opinions are channeled and expressed through the medium of filming and this diversity breeds the concept of various genres of a film. In a way, films are a part of what makes one human. Every character, every emotion and every track of the background music conveys one’s mental state of mind. It is far more than just a coincidence that one can relate to the plot of a certain film after watching it. It feels as if one was bound to watch that film no matter what.

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While films have the power to reflect society, they also have the leverage to influence the society. Such films are often Box Office hits and masterpieces that have and always will touch the hearts of millions. Disney classics such as, ‘Peter Pan’ and ‘A Hundred and One Dalmatians’ are timeless animated films, that almost every child has grown up watching, and have left a memorable impression on everyone.. Unforgettable characters such as Peter Pan himself and Captain Hook make one feel nostalgic. Other than providing an hour and a half’s worth of entertainment, these films always have a mortal at the end of them. Whether it is about being kind to animals or never talking to strangers, these ‘subliminal carriers’ are designed to teach us a range of important aspects concerning life and all that it offers; they prepare us for the future and strengthen our ethics and principles.

Unfortunately, not all films are a good influence on others. Profanity, violence and drugs reek in these films and they implant an image that such heinous activities are considered sporty and are worth respect, when sadly it is the exact opposite. These unnecessary scenes are relived in the real world by a few deranged fans and people end up reading about it in the next day’s paper, as if they were a script from a movie script.

“22 year-old man makes an attempt to stop school bus,” An unorthodox, yet common headline in the obituaries of every news paper. Clearly the science fiction genre has its quirks and limits, but it would be unfair to pin all the blame on just one genre of film. Ghosts, haunted mansions and other super natural apprehensions are brought about by the genre of horror for example.

So basically, it is the filmmaker’s movie which, at the end of the day, shed some light on what he or she wants to say and at the same time lures others to follow it as a model. Or is it just one of the two points? You decide.

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